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RELIGION TERMS

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Pada (Sikhism) - Hymns are divided into padas in the Guru Granth Sahib which vary from one to four verses.
Palki (Sikhism) - The wooden, golden or marble palaquin in a gurdwara which the Guru Granth Sahib is ceremonially placed.
Palm Sunday (Christianity) - The Sunday before Easter when Christians remember Jesus' entry into Jerusalem and so called because the crowds welcomed him by waving palm branches. It is the start of Holy Week, the drama leading directly to the death and believed resurrection of Jesus the Christ.
Pandava (Hinduism) - Arjuna and brothers, Yudhishthira, Bhima, Nakula, and Sahadeva, enemies of Kauravas, and about to fight to a conclusion in the Bhagavad Gita (the sons of Pandu).
Panj Kakke (Sikhism) - The five Ks, being physical items and symbols, which must be worn at all times by Khalsa Sikhs

  • kachha or katchera (briefs)
  • kangha (comb)
  • kara (steel bracelet)
  • kes (unshorn hair)
  • kirpan (ceremonial sword)
Panj Piaras (Sikhism) - The first five Sikhs initiated into the Khalsa order by Guru Gobind Singh are known as the five beloved ones. Five Khalsa Sikhs are required for initiation of a new member.
Panth (Sikhism) - The Sikh community.
Parable (Christianity) - A story that expresses a spiritual or moral truth in a manner that makes the hearer think further.
Paramatman (Jainism) - The supreme soul is paramatman released in liberation and potential in everyone. It is a divine principle within but unlike Hinduism there is no God.
Partha (Hinduism) - Arjuna or his brothers Bhima and Yudhishthira (son of Pritha).
Patanjali - The author of the Yoga Sutras which teach mediation through to self-realisation using raja yoga. He lived around the 100s B.C.E.
Path (Sikhism) - A reading of the Guru Granth Sahib. The daily Hukamnama is such a reading.
Patit (Sikhism) - A Khalsa Sikh who has not kept the vows of the Khalsa order.
Paudi (Sikhism) - A stanza of the Guru Granth Sahib.
Pauri (Sikhism) - Verses in the Guru Granth Sahib where the length and metre vary.
Pavaka (Hinduism) - God of fire (the purifier).
Pentateuch (Judaism) - The first five books of the Bible and the Torah Law.
Pesach (Judaism) - Passover being the spring festival celebrating freedom from slavery in Egypt.
Pharaoh (via Judaism) - The title used by Egyptian rulers; basically a king.
Pharisees (Judaism, Christianity) - Devout and strictly observant and yet renewing Jews active from around 200 BCE to 200 CE. The New Testament gives them a bad press.
Phera (Sikhism) - Circling of the Guru Granth Sahib during the wedding ceremony. See Lawan.
Polytheist (Hinduism, Pagan) - One who believes in the existence of many gods that may or may not be part of the Ultimate.
Pothi (Sikhism) - A volume of religious hymns.
Prahlada (Hinduism) - A demon prince yet devoted to Vishnu.
Prajapati (Hinduism) - One great Father of all creatures, although there can be seven or more creating fathers or sages (lord of offspring).
prajna (Hinduism) - Transcendental knowing from meditation (jna, to know, as in jnanayoga).
Prakash Karna (Sikhism) - The early morning ceremony when the Guru Granth Sahib is formally opened and the day's worship begins.
prakriti (Hinduism) - Forming energy of mental and physical worlds; nature.
prana (Hinduism) - Vital force, breath of life.
Priest (Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism, Zoroastrianism, Paganism) - A person specially given rights to officiate at religious ceremonies and, specifically, ordained Roman Catholic and Anglican leaders who can administer the sacraments, and members of the Brahmin class who carry out Hindu ceremonies; or historically a member of the family of Aaron who officiated at worship in the Jerusalem Temple.
Pritha (Hinduism) - (or Kunti) Arjuna's mother thus he can be Partha (son of Pritha).
Protestant (Christianity) - Christians who do not acknowledge the authority of the Roman Catholic or Orthodox churches. Martin Luther (1529) criticised the inulgences of the Roman Catholic church and, in the context of supporting German and other authorities, started a whole blossoming of different non-Roman churches.
Psalter (Judaism, Christianity) - A book containing the Psalms being poems found in the Hebrew Bible. Mainstream Christian use adds on recognition of the Trinity.
Pulpit (Christianity) - The place at which preaching is given in a Christian church. Of course other religions have equivalents of pulpits but with their own names.
Purana (Hinduism) - Collections of poems celebrating the power and works of the Hindu gods. Literally 'ancient'.
Purim (Judaism) - Festival celebrating the saving of the Jews from the first recorded attempt at genocide or shoah, being that of Haman in Book of Esther.
Purusha (Hinduism) - The Atman or spiritual soul (person) and the Bhagavad Gita uses both.
Purushottama (Hinduism) - Supreme Being (highest person).
Pyre (Hinduism) - The fire upon which corpses are cremated and, in the past, wives of dead husbands.

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